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What was the traditional concern about coeducation?

Thus, while coeducation remained widely popular in the United States, its reach was hardly universal. The sexual division of labor and traditional concerns about propriety and the protection of young women continued to exert an influence on school policies. It would not be until after World War II that these limitations would change dramatically What is the traditional concern about coeducation? - violate nature plan for women s bodies. -emasculate men. -defeminise women. - promote sexuality/ homosexuality. How do teachers treat boys and girls differently in the class room? - teachers devote more time, effort and attention to boys. -receive more praise for their contribution Coeducation does not simply mean educating girls and boys in the same classrooms. It denotes a philosophy of schooling, learning, and equality. A coeducational school thinks deliberately and seriously about educating girls and boys together for their studies and their lives; they can learn from each other by sharing their talents and intellect

What was the traditional concern about coeducation? (a) It would violate nature's plan for women's bodies. (b) It would emasculate men. (c) It would defeminize women. (d) It would promote homosexuality. (e) All of the abov By Sarah Robertson, VI Form. The History of Coeducation in America and at St. Mark's. Gender inequality has been an enduring issue in America. In 1848, there was a call to end discrimination when women signed the Declaration of Sentiments at the the first women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York. [1] But, it was not until 1920, seventy-two years later, voters ratified the 19 th.

Traditional Christian communities also, such as the Amish and the Doukabors, continue to cling to the old values in their approach to education. For them, segregation by gender is the norm. It is the disadvantages of a formal coeducation system that concern them. Teen-age pregnancy is a reality, and many parents believe that if their sons. For some information on Coeducation in Islam, you can refer to this article (pdf file): academia. Co-education in India: In the term co-education, the prefix co means together, the meaning of coeducation is nothing but educating or teaching both girls and boys together i.e, it can be in schools, colleges or universities Over the years, there have been numerous debates as to whether co-education is academically beneficial for students or not. Some argue that co-education is the best for students whereas others say co-education is not the best and that boys and girls should be taught separately at schools A Coeducational Senior School. Barker's innovative Senior School set a number of firsts for an independent school in Sydney. The research of the Headmaster at the time, Mr Trevor McCaskill, led him to conclude that a separate college for senior secondary students would provide a more appropriate educational experience for young people on the threshold of adulthood, with its smaller class sizes. Nigerian primary education is deteriorating at a very fast rate and this has been a great concern to the ministry of education, parents, teachers and others concerned. It was in this light that the researcher deemed it fit to investigate the varying influences of the traditional and modern methods of teaching on students' academic performance

Coeducation has fallen well short of righting the fundamental gender-driven challenges that still bedevil our society. St Catherine's and Wadham at Oxford - many of the most traditional. Coeducation Revisited for the 21st Century Fr. McCloskey is a priest of the Prelature of Opus Dei and is the Director of the Catholic Information Center of the Archdiocese of Washington

Coeducation and Same-Sex Schooling - Early Coeducation

  1. coeducation definition: 1. the teaching of male and female students together: 2. the teaching of male and female students. Learn more
  2. As a leader in coeducation for over 40 years, Wesley has made this proven pedagogy central to our philosophy and vision. Fostering inclusiveness and interaction. By learning in a coeducation environment, boys and girls cultivate mutual respect, understanding, and support for one another
  3. ist agenda in the 1960s and '70s

Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press , 2008 . 368 pp. Cloth $45.00 . In the last quarter of the nineteenth century, as women attended colleges in increasing numbers, institutions and individuals struggled to formulate the female academic experience under coeducation. Land‐grant colleges enthusiastically supported women's intellectual equality, but the everyday experiences of coeducation. There are definite disadvantages of co-education. First, co-education is against the law of natural history. Girls and boys are temperamentally unusual from each other. They have different duties to perform. A girl is necessary to receive educatio.. Coeducation is the integrated education of males and females at the same school facilities. The opposite situation is described as single-sex education.Most older institutions of higher education restricted their enrollment to a single sex at some point in their history, and since then have changed their policies to become coeducational

The purpose of this paper is threefold: 1) to explore college coeducation development nationwide 2) to identify why college coeducation was slower to be adopted in the South than anywhere else in the country and 3) what this legacy of stalled advancement translated into for women who attended public and private Southern colleges and universities Essay about Single-sex education vs. Coeducation 962 Words 4 Pages Education has been an important factor of all of our lives for an exceptional amount of time, but unfortunately, America has been falling behind from other nations in their education system compared to other nations (Pahlke 444) An Educational platform for parents and teachers of pre-k through 7th grade kids. Support your kids learning journey with games, worksheets and more that help children practice key skills. Download, print & watch your kids learn today Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers

Coeducation Encyclopedia

  1. disturbed traditional enrollment patterns; for example, in 1900, enrollment at Stanford, and Wesleyan's decision to abandon coeducation in response to concerns expressed by male students and faculty.15 At Grinnell, once female enrollment reached 58 percent, the president worried that the institution.
  2. Co-education Essays. by Sze100. Some people think that this is better to educate boys and girls in separate schools. Others, however, believe that boys and girls benefit more from attending mixed schools. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. No one can deny that the education of our children should be one of our top priorities
  3. coeducation translations: 男女同校教育,男女同校制. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese simplified Dictionary

Chapter 7 Flashcards Quizle

Coeducation Winchester Thurston Schoo

  1. A revealing research on single-sex versus coeducation is - Single-Sex Versus Coeducational Schooling: A Systematic Review. This study was commissioned by the federal Department of Education and was released in 2005. According to it, there is not enough evidence to suggest single-sex education is better than coeducation or vice-versa
  2. Coeducation at Fairfield, 25 Years Later. giving the individual woman a forum to talk about issues that concern them in their courses, While all of the traditional course work and.
  3. g a coeducational institution is being opened, says the letter. If the student in question, and any other female to male transgender student, is enrolled at Salem as a traditional student while living life as a male, what is to.

Study WOMS Chpt 7 Questions Flashcards Quizle

The document that resulted from this concern for morality in education was the Imperial Rescript on Education, issued on October 30, 1890, in the name of the Emperor Meiji. Written with the advice and counsel of the Confucian scholar, Nagazane Motoda, the Rescript made clear the essential connection between the education of the people and the. Coeducation, COEDUCATION, the practice of educating male and female students in the same institution, is the dominant mode at all levels of education in the Unite Dorothea Beale, Dorothea Beale Dorothea Beale English educator Dorothea Beale (1831-1906) was an instrumental figure in gaining acceptance for a more intellectual ed Democratic Congo, History & Background The Democratic. Challenged by Coeducation details the responses of women's colleges to the most recent wave of Women's colleges originated in the mid-nineteenth century as a response to women's exclusion from higher education. Women's academic successes and their persistent struggles to enter men's colleges resulted in coeducation rapidly becoming the norm, however A particular concern here was that the strains of collegiate schooling would harm assured - was that women were best treated in segregated settings and with specialized curricula. Although coeducation eventually dominated both the school and college landscapes, this notion that focused on more traditional languages, arts, and sciences.

The concern was how Green's initiative would affect Dartmouth should it choose to embark on coeducation, because equal access was never part of the conversation in Hanover. With the presumed quota on the number of women to be admitted, some female applicants would surely be denied admission in favor of men with lesser credentials, clear. His concern to look for words that have the possibility of generating new ways of naming and acting in the world when working with people around literacies is a good example of this. Fifth, a number of informal educators have connected with Paulo Freire's use of metaphors drawn from Christian sources. An example of this is the way in which. coeducation versus same gender education in schools 1. a group project on perception of parents and teachers for co-education versus same gender education in schools in ahmedabad submitted to: som-lalit institue of business administration guided by: prof This action [i.e., the implementation of coeducation] was the beginning of the end of 'the best men's college west of the Alleganies,' the end of a long fight to put such action through the Board, and the beginning of a struggle between the students, a struggle which constitutes one o (7) In general, southern schools tended to oppose coeducation, so separate women's academies and colleges were established. (8) By the Civil War, general consensus held that women were able to be educated up through secondary school. (9) Yet, concerns over the impact that educated women might have on society prevailed

A relatively recent review (Mael, 1998) concluded that there were indications that SS schooling could be helpful for a range of desired outcomes. However, he noted that a paucity of research on SS schooling, especially for males, was an ongoing concern, as was the lack of public-school studies in the United States 1.1. Agenda 2030 and Education. The growing global concern about caring for the planet and ensuring prosperity for all meant that by 2015, the United Nations established a series of global goals [].These objectives are grouped into 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which in turn are divided into 169 specific targets that detail and specify each of the SDGs [] Single-gender education creates a spirited dialogue about how the classroom structure should be in the modern school. If you walk into the average class today in the United States, you'll find about an equal number of boys and girls at each grade level. Instead of integrating them, the National Education Association notes that some experts believe that there should be separation between them. Although research has affirmed the important role that local school boards played in implementing educational reforms such as student testing and graduation requirements, some critics have contended the traditional leadership and policymaking roles of local school boards have been compromised by bureaucratic intransigence, a tendency to micromanage school system operations, and divisiveness. Pros of a Homeschool Co-op. Some of the advantages of a homeschool co-op include a sense of community, more say for parents in the way their children are educated, scheduling flexibility, and.

Education - Education - Nazi Germany: After Adolf Hitler's accession to power in 1933, the Nazis set out to reconstruct German society. To do that, the totalitarian government attempted to exert complete control over the populace. Every institution was infused with National Socialist ideology and infiltrated by Nazi personnel in chief positions in school settings, and it shows great concern that the methodologies and attitude of the teacher or trainer must be consistent with the message of peace education. The project is centered on fostering conflict transformation perspectives in primary and secondary schools. Three main characteristics are core to the project Proponents of coeducation argued that single-sex settings run the risk of reinforcing gender stereotypes and traditional roles. As Halpern et al. ( 2011 , p. 1707) explain, the contrast between the segregated classroom and the mixed-sex structure of the surrounding world provides evidence to children that sex is a core human characteristic. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about John Dewey's view on education. Dewey's Educational Theories and Aims of Education: Dewey's educational theories are based on his philosophical and psychological ideas stated above. Till the end of the 19th century the educational world was dominated by the religiously-motivated moral aim, the disciplinary aim, and the informational [

The History of Coeducation in America and at St

Coeducation: a risky venture still? Sue Bennett University of South Australia, Australia Most students in Australia attend coeducational schools. However there has been widespread and ongoing concern about whether it is the appropriate school setting for girls (Gill 1989 Unlike many other colleges contemplating coeducation, Sarah Lawrence did not choose to undergo a lengthy self-study. In fact the admittance of men in 1968 was an acknowledged trial in coeducation by the College with a report to be completed in the fall of 1972 by President Charles DeCarlo Better understanding between parties—and a doctor's willingness to admit to errors, show concern, and apologize—can help prevent patients from seeking retribution through lawsuits. Amid the pressure and fast pace of medicine, doctors and other health care providers can still learn to slow down and cultivate better listening and understanding Culture and society has an enormous impact on gender roles in America. Americans receive thousands of cultural messages each week concerning gender roles, including advertisements, movies, TV, music, magazines and family influence. This constant bombardment of information presents traditional and evolving less-traditionally defined gender roles

Coeducation or single-sex schooling? This is a fundamental question that many Australian parents have grappled with in their desire to achieve the best educational outcomes for their children - both boys and girls - mainly at secondary school, though sometimes at primary level as well. Author and educator Judith Gill addresses the ongoing debate head-on Concerns about enrolment, community safety, and the school's finances are just a few of their worries. Featured Schools. Featured Schools. Choosing a School. Getting Started. This section covers the basics of choosing a boarding school. Learn more about educational consultants, explore the dos and don'ts of making the right choice, and learn. TID Water & Power is your community owned, not-for-profit irrigation water and electric utility serving Central California since 1887

girls and whether they should learn the same subjects in school. By 1890, coeducation was clearly the most common model for public schools. In 1972, nondiscrimination legislation was passed to protect students from discrimination in education based on gender (General Accounting Office, 1996) Women who upheld traditional gender roles argued that politics were improper for women. Some even insisted that voting might cause some women to grow beards. The challenge to traditional roles represented by the struggle for political, economic, and social equality was as threatening to some women as it was to most men

Yes, part of the problem people easily miss is that having girl and boy altar servers is connected with the idea that altar serving is only a kid thing. Church is considered a family event, and altar serving is just something to keep the kids occupied. Well no, men should be encouraged to altar serve if it is needed Our Bodies Encoded: Algorithmic Test Proctoring in Higher Education. Cheating is on the rise, we can't trust students, and the best strategy to protect academic integrity is to invest in massive surveillance systems. At least, that's the narrative that ed-tech companies catering to higher education are selling based on their products and. H. Faulstich-Wieland, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001 2 New Women's Movement and Coeducation ' Sexism ' was the new term to mark inequality for women and men in society. Evaluations of the educational reforms showed differences in attainment between the countries, between social groups and between gender traditional coeducational institutions. Early in the 1800's the concern While Oberlin was the first example of coeducation in this country, beginning with the land grant colleges in the West, colleges and universities began to open their doors to women, first on the college level and then on the graduate.

After coeducation, Bowdoin relaxed its campus social rules tremendously. Trustee Ellen Schuman '76, recalls that at Bowdoin, unlike at some peer schools that had different curfews for men and women students, both men and women had equal stature in terms of their rights and responsibilities on campus. (Trustee Focus Group, 3:20-3:54 There was also growing concern that undergraduate women appeared to be winning fewer academic prizes and postgraduate fellowships than men. This coincided with the University marking the 40th anniversary of coeducation for undergraduate women at Princeton The present study makes an exhaustive review of the conditions and challenges faced by society to transform the school into a truly inclusive, coeducational, and democratic space. It proposes a theoretical model, of a bottom-up nature, to achieve gender equality in the school environment, giving special importance to teacher training. This study evaluates the training in gender equality and. Narrative and dramatic poems of Texas history. Traditional American Crafts by Betsey B. Crcckmore (Betsey Beeler '35) (Hearthside Press, December, 1968). Handsomely illustrated history and how-to-do-it guide to 300 years of methods and materials. Letters to the Editor. To the Editor: I am not against coeducation but neither am I for it

Outside of the classroom, women noted that a sort of 'traditional' culture still existed in small things like girls waiting to be asked to dance at dances. This culture of women as primarily visual objects with intelligence as a secondary concern is shown where one student noted that the first issue the women's group dealt with was better. But when postwar culture re-emphasized traditional gender divisions, women interested in engineering faced resistance or ridicule from family, teachers, counselors, peers, and potential employers. Within education today, this ideology impacts all key practical and theoretical concerns (e.g., ability grouping, expenditures, curriculum usage, and educational aims). Through 'equality of opportunity', gender equity is supposed to be the 'fait accompli' for all students in coeducational schools Wesleyan University (/ ˈ w ɛ s l i ə n / WESS-lee-ən) is a private liberal arts university in Middletown, Connecticut.Founded in 1831 as a men's college under the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal Church and with the support of prominent residents of Middletown, the college was the first institution of higher education to be named after John Wesley, the founder of Methodism

Free Online Library: Transforming shedets into keydets: an empirical study examining coeducation through the lens of gender polarization.(III. Results and Discussion B. Indicators of the Existence of Gender Polarization through Conclusion, with footnotes, p. 399-432) by Columbia Journal of Gender and Law; Women's issues/gender studies Discrimination in education Laws, regulations and. Effects of coeducation on occupational, educational and social aspirations of adolescent girls immediate social concerns. For these reasons, the following hypotheses are offered: the traditional feminine role; therefore, a woman who has a high nee

A report from an alumna and former teacher at Mount Holyoke College was published in The Woman's Column on March 11, 1893, stating: German, Russian, Polish, etc., women, denied the privileges of education in their own countries, are attending the University [of Zurich]. Lepsic [sic] [Leipzig], she writes, is the only place in Germany where women are tolerated as university. According to advocates of coeducation, girls without boy classmates have social issues that may impact adolescent development. Girls may have lower, more traditional aspirations and may choose occupations that tend to be more traditional in nature as opposed to science-related occupations coeducation eventually dominated the school and college landscape, this concern about women's proportion of the college population -- that women chose a more scholarly academy focused on more traditional languages, arts, and sciences. Where were girls and women in these developments? Until about th

Celebrating coeducation Aquarter-century of coeducation was commemorated during Alumni Holiday/Reunion in June, marking the graduation of the nine women in the Class of 1976. The celebration was planned by the staff of the Office of Alumni and Parent Programs in collaboration with an advisory committee composed of alumni representing classes. Coeducation: Definition: It is a system of education in which boys and girls learn together in the same school or college at the same time. Coeducation is not a new concept for us. It has been in vogue from a long time, though not like today. Howe.. A. Jacob Riis's How the Other Half Lives is a study of. A.) Jim Crow segregation and its effect on African Americans. B.) the plight of Great Plains farmers in the 1890s. C.) the plight of the immigrant population in American cities at the turn of the century. D.) the corruption in city political machines in the 1890s The first of the Seven Sisters colleges, Mount Holyoke in Massachusetts turns 170 today. Women's schools were the only option for girls who wanted a higher education, but now that women have.

As Q27 concerns the vertical scale of the graph, the answer for this question can be narrowed down to B, F, E. From the number 20% in the paragraph, we can eliminate choice F, as the numbers are measured in %. As the graph concerns the machine uptime, choice E can be eliminated. Therefore, choice B is the correct answer for this question Although postwar conservatives argued that coeducation was forced on Japanese people as part of Occupation-era reforms, in fact a number of progressive Japanese educators began advocating for coeducation in the early twentieth century. This chapter analyzes the work of one such prominent educator, Koizumi Ikuko (1892-1964), whose seminal book Danjo kyōgakuron (On coeducation, 1931. The 1960s witnessed a major shift in higher education in the Anglo-American world, which saw university life upended and reshaped in profoundly important ways: in the composition of student bodie

These meetings were open to students, enabling them to voice their questions and concerns regarding the controversial topic. On January 23, Dr. Yam reassured the community that the Board officially decided not to pursue coeducation in December. They listened to the ideas, and there are no plans to go forward, she assures The history of university coeducation is particularly interesting at this moment in America, when the country is poised to elect its first woman president. There was a significant concern that. Many of the ideas he implemented and developed in his school are ideas we're familiar with: coeducation (mixed education), secular education, and integral education (the combination of physical, mental, and moral education). To be fair, seeing where we are now, I think the anarchists who were concerned were right to be Coeducation 1860s-1960s. Even as women integrated into traditional campus activities, they also formed a Women's Center in 1980 to address needs of women students and bring in speakers to campus. this position required Zumwalt to represent and articulate the sentiments and concerns of the faculty to the administration and the trustees.

Video: The Pros and Cons of Coeducational Schools, Same-Sex

Advantages and Disadvantages of Co-Education - WiseSte

Coeducation, then, promised intellectual emancipation and sexual well-being. Women's early success at Oberlin persuaded many early women's rights leaders that coeducation would soon be achieved throughout the country. Lucy Stone summed up their views in an address at the 1856 Women's Rights Convention in New York City The concern here was to give girls the knowledge necessary for further studies. All these endeavors were largely for upper and middle-class girls. Trans-Atlantic and intercontinental European travel during this period encouraged the emergence of a common set of goals in the promotion of girls' education, even if the nature of the schools that.

Co-education: The Advantages and Disadvantages of Co

Coeducation allowed an opportunity to raise awareness, by practically showing that Education and Knowledge has nothing to do with Gender. A child brought up in such environment, learning to believe in gender equality, not the stereotypes is also expected to think alike, not having a traditional and chauvinistic approach towards women As a result of a long-standing concern that while coeducation is good for boys it is 'risky' for girls, many families who have a choice have sent their boys to coeducational schools and their girls to all-girls schools. This trend has led to elite coeducational schools in Melbourne, Australia, experiencing a gender imbalance in their.

An innovative approach to coeducation - Barke

Education - Education - The educational awakening: When Jefferson died in 1826, the nation stood on the threshold of a stupendous transformation. During the ensuing quarter century it expanded enormously in space and population. Old cities grew larger and new ones more numerous. The era saw the coming of the steamboat and the railroad. Commerce flourished and so did agriculture Most of the studies comparing single-sex education with coeducation focus on grades and test scores as the parameters of interest. Before we look at those studies, we want you to consider another variable altogether: namely, breadth of educational opportunity.Girls in all-girls schools are more likely to study subjects such as advanced math, computer science, and physics An ancient, traditional remedy for insomnia — the scent of lavender flowers — has now been proved effective. In a recent study, 30 volunteers with chronic insomnia slept each night for three weeks on lavender-scented pillows in a controlled room where their sleep was monitored electronically Winifred Gallagher's New Women in the Old West: From Settlers to Suffragists, an Untold American Story, newly published today, is an interesting entry in the 'rescuing ignored people in history' genre, pairing the histories of western expansion and of women's rights in the United States between 1840 and 1920.. Women's suffrage is a big part of the story: women gained the vote in.

Traditional Versus Modern Methods of Effective Teachin

3 Pages. A Moral Environmentalist Approach Argumentative Essay Examples. Riis's idea of housing reforms as a means of producing a moral environmentalist strategy to the poor living in urban is ideal. This could respond to the issue of overcrowding that was the cause of immoral activities Spotify is a digital music service that gives you access to millions of songs

Why Coeducation at Universities Was Not a Triumph of

Healthcare and social media marketing management? Are there any rules for social when it comes to health? Yes! Learn more The Triumph of Coeducation and Adherence to Traditional Paradigms in Flanders Oliver Holz EHSAL European University College Brussels This paper analyses the current position of boys' education in Flanders. The text focuses on the situation in the Flemish community, taking a brief account of the historical development i Evgenia Vasilakaki, Valentini Moniarou-Papaconstantinou, in Future Directions in Digital Information, 2021. 9.4 Educational use of games in Library and Information Science. LIS education has very quickly adopted other means for delivering learning, such as distance learning environments, use of videos and social networking sites (Nicholson, 2010) and collaborative learning environments A brief history of Princeton admissions. Howard Greene was finishing his graduate work at Harvard in 1963 when he received a call from a dean. Sweeping social changes were underway in the '60s, he was told. Princeton was looking for a couple of young guys to come in and change its culture Nancy Weiss Malkiel, Keep the Damned Women Out: The Struggle for Coeducation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2016. 646 pp. $35.00. ISBN: 978-0691172996. Peter I. Rose 1 Society volume 56, pages 89-94 (2019)Cite this articl

Library : Coeducation Revisited for the 21st Century

In its way the female sex is as strong as the male, namely in endurance and patience, in quiet long-suffering, in short, in all that concerns its real sphere, viz., the inner life (Lose Blätter, Collected by von Görgen; Freiburg, 1895, 50). On account of the moral equality of the sexes the moral law for man and woman must also be the same A powerful book on this subject is A Room of One's Own (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1929) by Virginia Woolf, who suffered throughout her life the pain and stigma of being denied a university education. In her wry, polemic book, a fictitious woman, Mary Seton, is invited to a male college one day Traditional Catholics force Episcopal consecration from Catholic venue I appreciate that people are concerned that the sacred space of the Catholic Church be safeguarded, which it is. although Nashotah is a coeducation institution. However, in short order, after the news of her invitation became known, two revered ACNA bishops. 1 AFFILIATED INSTITUTIONS ANNA UNIVERSITY CHENNAI : : CHENNAI 600 025 REGULATIONS - 2008 VI TO VIII SEMESTERS AND ELECTIVES B.E. CIVIL ENGIN.. Women have contributed much to the ministry of the Church throughout its history. However, their role in this area has never been free from controversy. Today, most church bodies are discussing the place of women in their ministries. Crucial to these discussions for many of us are the matters of faithful biblical interpretation

COEDUCATION meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionar

1972. David Prest AM, the 13th Headmaster (the title later changed to Principal), served from 1972 to 1991. Prest transformed Wesley College in many ways, but his greatest legacy was the introduction of coeducation. He also oversaw an incredible expansion of the College including the incorporation of Cato College as the Elsternwick Campus the same methods, similar planning etc. In several years, after coeducation became widespread, quality of educational process in schools due to academic achievements of females was significantly improved. The particular concern about gender problems of school education was provoked by th

Many women at the nation's most elite colleges say they have already decided that they will put aside their careers in favor of raising children. Though some of these students are not planning to. Descriptors: Music, Coeducation, Music Appreciation, Secondary School Students the shift towards computer science (CS) has been closely observed by other countries. Female participation remains a concern in most jurisdictions, but female attainment in CS is relatively unstudied. Unlike the traditional student hostel arrangement in other. A traditional argument of the utility of one approach over the other centers on the idea that separate is inherently unequal (coeducation) but avoids opposite sex distractions (single sex). At first glance, this is so commonsensical that it needs no further elaboration. Existing in th The natural and proper timidity and delicacy which belongs to the female sex evidently unfits it for many of the occupations of civil life. The constitution of the family organization, which is founded in the divine ordinance, as well as in the nature of things, indicates the domestic sphere as that which properly belongs to the domain and functions of womanhood He Zhen could be quite critical of her own sex. The traditional isolation of women, at least in the middle classes and above, had led to superficiality, idleness, and lascivious behavior (yin; Zhang and Wang 1978, 2B:959-68; TYB, 125-34). As long as parents arranged marriages, many women would never find happiness and some would even.