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Hypertropia

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  3. Hypertropia is the rarest type of strabismus, affecting just 1 in 400 kids. What Causes Hypertropia? Hypertropia happens when the eye muscles are imbalanced and don't work together

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Overview. Hypertropia is a type of strabismus, or misalignment of the eyes.While some people have eyes that go inward (crossed eyes) or outward, hypertropia occurs when one eye turns upward Definition. A hypertropia is a form of vertical strabismus where one eye is deviated upwards in comparison to the fellow eye. The term of hypertropia is relative to the fellow eye which, by analogy is the hypotrpoic eye- meaning that is deviated downwards Hypertropia 1!! Hypertropia in Adults This material will help you understand hypertropia, its causes and how it is treated. What is hypertropia? Hypertropia occurs when one eye turns upward. It is a form of eye misalignment, known as strabismus. With hypertropia, the eye may turn up all the time or only part of the time Hypertropia is a form of strabismus in which one eye turns upward, putting it out of alignment with the other eye.. Other types of strabismus include esotropia (one or both eyes turn inward), exotropia (one or both eyes turn outward), and hypotropia (one or both eyes turn downward).. Hypertropia may be constant, with the eye turning all the time, or it can be intermittent, with the eye turning. Hypertropia is a type of strabismus, also known as misalignment of the eyes. Hypertropia happens when either eye drifts or looks upward. Infants' eyes usually align by the age of 2 to 3 months, even if the eyes seem to wander in newborns. Hypertropia that continues or develops after that age can cause: Lazy eye (amblyopia): Inability of the.

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  1. Hypertropia is a type of vertical strabismus (crossed eyes) where one eye is deviated upwards compared with the other eye. This can happen all the time or intermittently. Hypertropia occurs when the muscles in both eyes are not balanced and working together. The condition, which can affect both adults and children, is triggered by a wide range.
  2. Hypertropia is a form of vertical strabismus (eye turn), or misalignment of the eyes that occurs when one eye turns upward. When the eye turns downwards it called hypotropia. Hypertropia is usually diagnosed in childhood, though it can also affect adults as a result of an eye injury or eye disease and can be constant or intermittent — only.
  3. Hypertropia is a condition of misalignment of the eyes (), whereby the visual axis of one eye is higher than the fellow fixating eye. Hypotropia is the similar condition, focus being on the eye with the visual axis lower than the fellow fixating eye. Dissociated vertical deviation is a special type of hypertropia leading to slow upward drift of one or rarely both eyes, usually when the patient.
  4. Hypertropia is a form of strabismus (eye-turn) in which one eye turns upward, putting it out of alignment with the other eye. Other types of strabismus include esotropia (one or both eyes turn inward), exotropia (one or both eyes turn outward), and hypotropia (one or both eyes turn downward)

Therefore, Hypertropia is a form of vertical strabismus where one eye is deviated upwards in comparison to the other eye. Causes of Hypertropia. The most common cause of hypertropia is palsy (weakness) in one of the cranial nerves, the third or fourth nerve. Hypertropia may also co-exist with infantile strabismus, esotropia or exotropia Causes of Hypertropia in Adults. A Stroke, also known as Cerebrovascular Accident, is the most common cause of Hypertropia in grown-ups. If the blood vessels that supply blood to the nerves that turn the eye burst or start leaking, the patient will likely develop Hypertropia. Graves Disease, which refers to the autoimmune disease that damages. Medical definition of hypertropia: elevation of the line of vision of one eye above that of the other : upward strabismus hypertropia: [ strah-biz´mus ] deviation of the eye that the patient cannot overcome; the visual axes assume a position relative to each other different from that required by the physiological conditions. Called also squint . adj., adj strabis´mic. The various forms of strabismus are spoken of as tropias, their direction being indicated by the.

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Comparing Hypertropia in Upgaze and Downgaze Distinguishes Congenital From Acquired Fourth Nerve Palsies. Ivanir Y, Trobe JD J Neuroophthalmol 2017 Dec;37(4):365-368. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000460 Hypertropia is the least common type of strabismus.In this condition, one eye is higher than the other. As a result, the child often tilts his or her head to one side to compensate

Hypertropia Causes Hypertropia may be a congenital or acquired condition. Misalignment is commonly a result of an imbalance in extra-ocular muscle function. The inferior rectus, the superior rectus, the superior oblique, and the inferior oblique are the muscles responsible for vertical movement of the eyes Hypertropia, commonly called vertical strabismus, wandering eye, cross-eyes or wall-eye, is the visual condition in which a person uses only one eye to look at an object while the other eye turns upward. Hypertropia is one of several types of strabismus, a condition resulting in eye turns or deviating eyes. Eye coordination in a patient with. (2) Patients with hypertropia and diplopia in the primary position and less hypertropia in downgaze underwent an IR muscle recession of the hypotropic eye in the primary position and adjustable recessions of the contralateral IR and SR muscles. Results: Group 1 included four patients. Mean incomitance between primary position and downgaze was.

Purpose: To evaluate the incidence and features of hypertropia in abducens nerve palsy. Methods: The records of consecutive patients with unilateral, isolated, previously unoperated abducens nerve palsy were reviewed for binocular alignment on cover testing, Krimsky measurement, or Hess screen testing. Patients with associated cranial nerve palsy (including bilateral abducens palsies), orbital. Hypertropia was equal in upgaze and downgaze in a minority of patients with traumatic palsies. This feature proved less helpful in separating congenital from traumatic palsies, but the presence of recent severe head trauma would have allowed that separation. Patients who had hypertropia greatest in upgaze always had a congenital palsy Define hypertropia. hypertropia synonyms, hypertropia pronunciation, hypertropia translation, English dictionary definition of hypertropia. hypertropia. Translations. English: hy·per·tro·pi·a n. hipertropia, tipo de estrabismo. Hypertropia - definition of hypertropia by The Free Dictionary

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hypotropia: [ strah-biz´mus ] deviation of the eye that the patient cannot overcome; the visual axes assume a position relative to each other different from that required by the physiological conditions. Called also squint . adj., adj strabis´mic. The various forms of strabismus are spoken of as tropias, their direction being indicated by the. Solve Complex Problems, Manage Risk & Make Better Decisions Across Your Projects. Seequent Providing Solutions For The Mining, Civil, Environmental & Energy Industrie Hypertropia occurs when one eye turns upward. It is a form of strabismus, or eye misalignment. The eye may turn all the time or only part of the time making hypertropia constant or intermittent. Sometime stress or fatigue can worsen misalignment. What causes hypertropia? Hypertropia can be caused by an imbalance of muscle tone between the two eyes Hypertropia (Defined) Strabismus in which the eyes are misaligned in the vertical plane. Refers to the lower eye. #EyeTerms. Last Updated By: HL Admin 05-09-2018

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Hypertropia. Hypertropia is the least common type of strabismus. In this condition, one eye is higher than the other. As a result, the child often tilts or cocks his or her head to one side to get rid of the double vision that this problem frequently causes. Strabismus in Adult Step 2: hypertropia increases in right or left gaze. If the RHT is larger in the left gaze, it means there is the weakness of any of the following vertically acting muscles in the left gaze: left superior rectus (LSR), left inferior rectus (LIR), right inferior oblique (RIO), or right superior oblique (RSO).. left hypertropia at far and near, present about 80% of the time. Worth 4-dot testing revealed diplopia at 6 feet and intermittent fusion at 16 inches. Stereopsis was 50 with (+) random dot forms. Parks 3-step testing revealed mild left superior oblique under-action. Associated vertical phorias in primary gaze were 2∆ base down (BD) OS. The. Diplopia (and the hypertropia) worse with head tilt to the right in this example suggests disease of either the right intorting muscle or left extorting muscle. From the two remaining muscles isolated from steps 1 and 2 of the three step test however, only the left superior rectus and right superior oblique remain

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What Is Hypertropia? Causes, Symptoms, Treatmen

Hypertropia is an eye condition that has different causes in children and adults. We'll explain these causes and the condition's treatments. READ MORE The Parks-Bielschowsky three-step test revealed a left hypertropia that increased in right gaze and left head tilt, indicating a problem with the left superior oblique. Further confirmation of the noncomitant deviation and muscle paresis was seen during the alternating cover test with prism neutralization in primary gaze Hypertropia. Hypertropia. Upward deviation of the eye is usually due to a paresis of one of the muscles that either elevate or depress the eye. Most of the time it is due to one specific muscle known as the superior oblique. The paresis may be congenital (born with it) or acquired. Most of the time, palsy of the superior oblique is congenital. In general, strabismus (or tropia) is an eye deviation defined by frequency (intermittent or constant), laterality (right, left, or alternating), and direction (horizontal or vertical). Horizontal strabismus is termed esotropia (inward turn of the eye) or exotropia (outward turn of the eye). Vertical strabismus is termed hypotropia (downward turn of the eye) or hypertropia (upward turn of the.

Definition of HYPERTROPIA in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of HYPERTROPIA. What does HYPERTROPIA mean? Information and translations of HYPERTROPIA in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web Hypertropia ICD-10-CM Alphabetical Index. Hypertropia. The ICD-10-CM Alphabetical Index is designed to allow medical coders to look up various medical terms and connect them with the appropriate ICD codes. There are 0 terms under the parent term 'Hypertropia' in the ICD-10-CM Alphabetical Index

Hypertropia: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Mor

Hypertropia - EyeWik

  1. Hypertropia is a condition of misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), whereby the visual axis of one eye is higher than the fellow fixating eye. Hypotropia is the similar condition, focus being on the eye with the visual axis lower than the fellow fixating eye. Dissociated Vertical Deviation is a special type of hypertropia leading to slow.
  2. Hypertropia has a reported prevalence of up to 82% in unilateral coronal synostosis. 1 The hypertropia in primary gaze is ipsilateral to the affected suture, increases in contralateral gaze (adduction of the hypertropic eye), and decreases in ipsilateral gaze (abduction of the hypertropic eye). This pattern of vertical incomitance in lateral.
  3. Small-angle hypertropia (13 percent) Divergence insufficiency (11 percent) For paralytic strabismus, the association between age and the incidence may be related to the age-dependent increase of diseases such as hypertension and diabetes, says Dr. Mohney
  4. Intermittent hypertropia going worse.Surgery? Hi,i have intermittent hypertropia since age 10. Ten years ago was barely noticeable and only early in the morning,with years it become worst (frecuent during the day).I have binocular vision,3D vision and never experience diplopia,it seems that my brain supress and choose between eyes,almost a year.
  5. This is an example of a simulated hypertropia deviation by alternate cover testing. Another name of this maneuver is cross cover testing. This patient was gi..
  6. The 2021 edition of ICD-10-CM H50.2 became effective on October 1, 2020. This is the American ICD-10-CM version of H50.2 - other international versions of ICD-10 H50.2 may differ. injury (trauma) of eye and orbit ( S05.-) Vertical strabismus in which there is permanent upward deviation of the visual axis of one eye

Treatment of incomitant hypertropia with single vision in some gaze positions and diplopia in other gaze positions is problematic. Recession or resection of vertical rectus muscles can correct the hypertropia in some gaze positions, but it can cause postoperative hypertropia and diplopia in other gaze positions Etiology. Hypertropia may be either congenital or acquired, and misalignment is due to imbalance in extraocular muscle function. The superior rectus, inferior rectus, superior oblique, and inferior oblique muscles affect the vertical movement of the eyes.These muscles may be either paretic, restrictive (fibrosis) or overactive effect of the muscles Congenital hypertropia: A congenital hypertropia is the most common type of vertical deviation. While a congenital deviation is present from an early age it does not always show up until later in life. The superior oblique is the muscle most commonly affected with a congenital hypertropia. Inferior rectus entrapment: The eye has 6 muscles that. Surgery in Four Days - Hypertropia. So I have hypertropia in my left eye. I don't think it's that bad. My eye drifts up quite a bit. I see double when looking straight ahead but reading a book in my lap I don't have double vision. I have prism glasses that work really well. And it's a big stick on prism. But I can watch sports on TV and.

Incomitant hypertropia (246749005) Recent clinical studies. Etiology. Graded vertical rectus tenotomy for small-angle cyclovertical strabismus in sagging eye syndrome. Chaudhuri Z, Demer JL Br J Ophthalmol 2016 May;100(5):648-51. Epub 2015 Aug 25 doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2015-306783 Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube hypertropia (plural hypertropias) (pathology) A form of strabismus in which one eye points upward; Related terms. hypotropia; hypertropia From the web: you may also like. eye vs hypertropia; strabismus vs hypertropia; pewterware vs pewter; isomerides vs isomerizes; tautomerized vs tautomerizes The hypertropia will worsen with adduction of the hypertropic eye and with head tilt to the ipsilateral side. It is typically accompanied by excyclotorsion of the affected eye ranging anywhere from 1 to 8 degrees in amplitude. The hypertropia worsens when the affected eye is adducted, because the superior oblique is an infraductor of the eye in.

Hypertropia — What To Know For Kids And Adult

  1. e which eye is hypertropic in primary position. If there is right hypertropia in primary position, then the depressors of the R eye (IR/SO) or the elevators of the L eye are weak (SR/IO). Step 2: Deter
  2. Hypertropia References in the ICD-10-CM Index to Diseases and Injuries. References in the ICD-10-CM Index to Diseases and Injuries applicable to the clinical term hypertropia Hypertropia - H50.2 Vertical strabismu
  3. Exotropia is a common form of strabismus characterized by an outward eye turn, away from the nose. Exotropia is a eye turn where one eye points outwards, this may be noticed while the child is looking at distance objects, near objects or both
  4. Need abbreviation of Hypertropia? Short forms to Abbreviate Hypertropia. 2 popular forms of Abbreviation for Hypertropia updated in 202

Pediatric Hypertropia - Conditions and Treatments

  1. Hypertropia (378.31) ICD-9 code 378.31 for Hypertropia is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range -DISORDERS OF THE EYE AND ADNEXA (360-379). Subscribe to Codify and get the code details in a flash
  2. Hypertropia following trauma to the trochlea is rare. The more widely recognized response of the trochlea to trauma is hypotropia or acquired Brown syndrome. We observed three cases of hypertropia following penetrating trauma to the trochlea. Each had computerized tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging to assist in the understanding of.
  3. Synonyms for hypertropia in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for hypertropia. 3 synonyms for strabismus: cross-eye, squint, squint. What are synonyms for hypertropia
  4. Results: Forty-two cases of childhood hypertropia were identified during the 10-year period, yielding an annual age- and gender-adjusted incidence of 12.9 (95% confidence interval, 9.0-16.9) per 100 000 patients younger than 19 years of age. This rate corresponds to a prevalence of approximately 0.26%, or 1 in 391, of all children younger than.
  5. hypertropia answers are found in the Taber's Medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web
  6. Hypertropia. ICD-9-CM 378.31 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 378.31 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. For claims with a date of service on or after October 1,.
  7. Hypertropia and the excyclotorsional angle did not differ significantly between the groups (p = 0.257). Although no correlation was found in the discordance group, the concordance group showed a significant and positive correlation between hypertropia and excyclotorsion (p = 0.011).Torsional deviation was not related to hypertropia

The hypertropia was measured in primary position, side gazes, and tilts preoperatively and postoperatively. Abnormal head posture was also assessed. Success was defined as primary position hypertropia of 5 prism diopters (PD) or less 4 ways to abbreviate Right Hypertropia. How to abbreviate Right Hypertropia? Get the most popular abbreviation for Right Hypertropia updated in 202 Seen here are two patients with alternating hypertropias. The first is a 70-year-old woman with a diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia, neuropathy, vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS). In the video, both spontaneous downbeat nystagmus (DBN) and gaze-evoked nystagmus (GEN) are apparent, in addition to a right hypertropia in right gaze and a left hypertropia in left gaze, also referred to as an. • right hypertropia and/or right incyclotropia with right head tilt • left hypertropia and/or left incyclotropia with left head tilt Ocular Deviation: • left hyperphoria, left hypertropia, right hypophoria, right hypotropia • right hyperphoria, right hypertropia, left hypophoria, left hypotropia • esophoria, esotropia, exophoria. We Have Raised Over £100 Million for UK Businesses. We Can Help You - Call Today

Hypertropia: Overview and More - Verywell Healt

Hypertropia definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now The 3-step test. A, Step 1: A right hypertropia suggests weakness in 1 of the 2 depressors of the right eye (RIR or RSO) or in 1 of the 2 elevators of the left eye (LIO or LSR). B, Step 2: Worsening of the right hypertropia on left gaze implicates either the RSO or the LSR. Note that at the end of step 2, 1 depressor and 1 elevator of opposite. Hypermetropia definition is - a condition in which visual images come to a focus behind the retina of the eye and vision is better for distant than for near objects : hyperopia, farsightedness. How to use hypermetropia in a sentence Hypermetropia is an eye problem where a person has difficulty viewing objects close to him, but can clearly see the objects located far away. This happens due to the light being focussed behind the retina instead of being focused on it. This condition is also known as far-sightedness, long-sightedness or hyperopia Hypertropia (up) Hypotropia (down) Strabismus can be caused by weak of palsied cranial nerves that are responsible for eye movement. Symptoms of strabismus often include seeing double or having trouble with your general vision. Strabismus sometimes turns into amblyopia or lazy eye, or permanent loss of sight if left untreated

Hypertropia or Hyperphoria? - Optometrists

Strabismus is a visual disorder in which the eyes are misaligned and point in different directions. This misalignment may be constant or intermittent. When the eyes are misaligned, typically one eye will fixate on objects of interest while the other eye turns in (esotropia), out (exotropia), down (hypotropia), or up (hypertropia) Hypertropia: Eyes turn upwards; Hypotropia: Eyes turn is downwards; Esotropia and exotropia affect both eyes, but hypertropia and hypotropia may affect one eyeball or both. This condition is commonly known as a squint

In 1996, Seiff and Good [ 2] proposed 2 theories to explain the presence of a hypertropia in posterior blow-out fractures: Change in the functional origin of the muscle to an anterior position. (pathology) A form of strabismus in which one eye points upwar With a right hypertropia, either the right globe is too high (hypertropic) due to weakness of the right eye depressor muscles (right IR and SO), or the left eye is too low (hypotropic) because of weakness of the left SR or IO. • Step 2. Compare the amount of vertical deviation in right and left gaze Hypertropia Misaligned eyes Specialty Ophthalmology, optometry Hypertropia is a condition of misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), whereby the visual axis of one eye is higher [en.wikipedia.org] Twenty-two patients underwent surgery for exotropia: 19 for esotropia and 6 for hypertropia

hypertropia (hy-per-troh-piă) n. strabismus in which one eye looks upwards. Source for information on hypertropia: A Dictionary of Nursing dictionary So once we've figured out that we have a superior oblique palsy and a hypertropia because of it, the most common surgical procedure is to weaken the inferior oblique muscle, because usually — especially if they're longstanding — the hypertropia is — you get secondary overaction of the inferior oblique, which is the antagonist 2. Left hypertropia. POSTOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: 1. Exotropia. 2. Left hypertropia. OPERATION PERFORMED: 1. Bilateral lateral rectus recessions of 7 mm. 2. Recession of left superior rectus muscle, 2 mm. ANESTHESIA: General. COMPLICATIONS: None. DESCRIPTION OF PROCEDURE: The patient was brought to the operating room and placed under general. Motility examination revealed a left hypertropia of 45 prism diopters at distance and near. Measurements of the deviation in the 9 diagnostic positions of gaze are reviewed in Table 1 Exotropia is a common type of strabismus that occurs when misaligned eyes deviate outward. Exotropia (also known as wall-eye or divergent strabismus) differs from its opposite form, esotropia (eye turns in toward nose), in that exotropic eyes point outward or away from the nose. Exotropia can occur in one or both eyes

Man presents with acute-onset horizontal binocular diplopia

hypertropia on downward gaze. The fact that the head tilt response was not always present, as well as the decrease or reversal of the left hypertropia when the child was forced to fix with her left eye, suggested that the weakness of the left superior oblique was the result of secondary changes. Th The assessment will show that the affected eye is hypertropic and this hypertropia increases on contralateral gaze and on ipsilateral head tilt (3 step test). It is also important to obtain a Hess. Strabismus is when eyes don't line up or when one or both eyes wander. The eyes may turn: inward (called esotropia or cross-eyed) outward (exotropia) up (hypertropia) down (hypotropia) When eyes don't line up together, the straight or straighter eye becomes dominant. The vision strength (acuity) of this eye stays normal because the eye and. An inverse form of DVD, in which 1 eye drifts downward below horizontal position, has only rarely been observed. 8 Why should this intermittent vertical deviation manifest only as a hypertropia, and why should this hypertropia alternate between the 2 eyes? DVD develops as a delayed phenomenon in children with infantile strabismus What is facet hypertrophy? As the name implies, facet hypertrophy is a condition that stems from your facet joints. Your spine is a series of stacked vertebrae or vertebral bodies, each containing a disc and two facet joints, connected by ligaments and muscles. Healthy facet joints have cartilage, allowing smooth and painless movement

Video: Hypertropia - Wikipedi

Hypertropia — What to Know for Kids and Adults

Esotropia (crossed eyes) occurs when the eyes turn inward. Exotropia occurs when the eyes turn outward. When one eye is higher than the other, it is called hypertropia (for the higher eye) or hypotropia (for the lower eye). Strabismus can be subtle or obvious and can occur occasionally or constantly title = Ipsilateral hypertropia after cataract surgery, abstract = Background: Reports of acquired strabismus caused by injection of local anesthetics during cataract surgery have increased recently. The authors proposed a mechanism to explain the occurrence of strabismus with apparent overactive muscles after cataract surgery Success rates for hypertropia correction were similar between groups, 63% vertical offset and 71% vertical muscle groups; overcorrections occurred in 29% of the vertical muscle group. The vertical. Hypertropia is a form of strabismus in which one eye turns upward, putting it out of alignment with the other eye. Generally, it will not go away itself. There are several treatment methods for hypertropia. The type of treatment or treatments used will be dependent upon the age of the patient, the cause of the hypertropia, and the risk of potential complications Hypertropia occurs on the side of the fourth nerve palsy (Figs. 31-1, 31-2, 31-6, and 31-7). The hypertropia is greater in lateral gaze to the side opposite the palsy and on head tilt to the same side. For example, a left fourth nerve palsy causes a left hypertropia greater in right gaze and left head tilt (Figs. 31-3, 31-5, and 31.

A case of botulinum toxin injections for the management ofQuestions of the Week: Diplopia 2 – Assessment — NeuroCranial Nerve IV (Trochlear Nerve) PalsyAnterior Transposition of the Superior Oblique Tendon inQuestions of the Week: NOI13 Diplopia 6 – 4th Nerve Palsy

Diagnosis . Myopia: Myopia is diagnosed by carrying out tests such as visual acuity, biometry, examination of eyeballs, eye lids and cornea, extra ocular muscle movement, slit lamp examination and fundoscopy. Hypermetropia: Diagnosis of hypermetropia is almost the same with Myopia as it is based on the symptoms and clinical signs observed This is a 50-year-old woman who reported the abrupt onset of imbalance, right upper extremity incoordination and binocular vertical diplopia several months prior to her presentation to our clinic. On examination, she had a left hypertropia that was fairly comitant (measuring 5 prism diopters) associated with a right head tilt and ocular counterroll towards the right ear (excyloduction OD. A 63-year-old patient was admitted with acute ataxia and binocular oblique diplopia. Neuro-ophthalmologic examination revealed abducting hypertropia on lateral gaze, better seen during upgaze, mimicking bilateral inferior oblique palsy (video, figure). There was no ocular cyclotorsion. Brain MRI revealed focal ischemic lesions in the right cerebellar hemisphere and left superior colliculus.