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Pundit's Mother Tongue Audiobook - Rahul Gar

NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Unit-7 The scholar's mother tongue. We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Unit-7 The scholar's mother tongue, help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Unit-7 The scholar's mother tongue, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest 6th std english-the scholars mother tongue and sympathy 5es lesson plan by narasimhamurty.pdf Class:6th Standard Subject :English Language :English Year :2019-20 Board : ----- State : Karnataka File Format :.pdf File Size : 1.05MB No. of Pages : 04 Print Enable :Yes Editable Text :Yes Copy Text :No Scanned Copy :No Password Encrypted :Yes File Size Reduced :N

6th std English prose 02-the scholars mother tongue notes 2019-20.pdf Class:6th Standard Subject :English Language :English Year :2019-20 Board : ----- State : Karnataka File Format :.pdf File Size : 1 MB No. of Pages :6 Print Enable :Yes Editable Text :Yes Copy Text :No Scanned Copy :No Password Encrypted :Yes File Size Reduced :No Quality :High Passwor Download NCERT Solutions Class 4 English Chapter 7 The Scholars Mother Tongue free pdf, NCERT Solutions updated as per latest NCERT boo Mother-tongue refers to one's native language or parent language. (mother tongue, 2015). Mother-tongue interference refers to the influence of the native language of the learner on her/his acquisition of the target language. What we mean by the target language is the language the learner is aiming to learn (L2). (Contrastive analysis, 2015) The implementation of mother tongue throughout formal education, as provided for in D.O. 74 s. 2009, clearly did not happen. Later DepEd issuances, such as D.O. 31 s. 2012, limited the mother tongue up to Grade 3 only. This early-exit model is what is currently being implemented

Abstract:- The role of mother tongue in second language learning has been the subject of much debate and controversy. Most teachers feel that the use of L1 should be minimized and they feel guilty. The MTB-MLE curriculum in the Philippines has brought numerous changeswhich were noticeable even to the parents. This paper investigated the perspective of the parents as regards the challenges and gains that learners from Grades 1-3, whose first language was English, experienced as they learned their lessons using the mother tongue instruction. To get the result, the researcher utilized the. Class 4 : NCERT Textbook - The Scholars Mother Tongue Class 4 Notes | EduRev. Page 1 New words mother tongue, challenged, tickled, irritated The Scholar's Mother Tongue The Scholar's Mother Tongue A learned Pundit once visited the court of Akbar. He told the King and his courtiers that he had mastery over many different languages

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  1. NCERT Solutions Class 4 English Unit 6 Chapter 12- The Scholar's Mother tongue is just for reference. plan your own answers accordingly. Let's listen Q 1. Listen to your favorite advertisement on the radio or T.V. Repeat it with stress on the words. Act, draw and write the advertisement
  2. The use of Mother Tongue both as a subject and as medium of instruction from Kinder to Grade 3 posed challenges and opportunities for teachers and curriculum planners/ policy makers. This paper looked into the level of awareness and extent of implementation of the Mother-Tongue Instruction
  3. Jul 08,2021 - Test: The Scholars Mother Tongue | 10 Questions MCQ Test has questions of Class 4 preparation. This test is Rated positive by 90% students preparing for Class 4.This MCQ test is related to Class 4 syllabus, prepared by Class 4 teachers

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Judith Makse Patrick, Ph.D. Scholar, Professor Mingcai Sui, Ph.D., Banenat Didam, M.Ed. Student and Theresa Stephen Gyang, Ph.D. Scholar Mother-Tongue Interference on English Language Pronunciation of Senior Primary School Pupils in Nigeria: Implications for Pedagogy 282 Of this population, it is assumed that 30 million are students It is this feeling of English imperialism that has led some scholars, educators, and politicians to result in promoting local languages through popular phrases such as first language first, mother tongue first bilingual education, mother tongue-based bilingual education (UNESCO, 2005a, p Students can Download English Lesson 2 The Scholar's Mother Tongue Questions and Answers, Summary, Notes Pdf, Activity, KSEEB Solutions for Class 6 English helps you to revise the complete Karnataka State Board Syllabus and to clear all their doubts, score well in final exams The Scholars Mother Tongue 4th English CBSE NCERT Chapter 7 Marketing along with videos,solved papers and worksheets.These are helpful for students in doing homework or preparing for the exam NCERT Solutions Class 4 English Chapter 7 The Scholar's Mother Tongue - Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 4 English Chapter 7. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete Chapter 7 titled The Scholar's Mother Tongue, The Scholar's Mother Tongue of English taught in class 4

Chapter 6 - Hiawatha:-Download PDF NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Chapter 6 - The Scholar's Mother Tongue. This chapter briefs about a pandit who was a master of languages. He was very fluent in many languages where no one could find what his mother tongue was and he challenged everyone to find out Mother Tongue based Multilingual Education (MT- MLE) is a form of multilingual education built on the learners' mother tongue. This article explores the teachers' ideology on the policy (as policy appropriator). The ideologies of the language teachers have been drawn from the interpretive perspectives where the reality is judged based on the experiences of the research and the researched Free PDF Download NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Marigold Chapter 7 The Scholars Mother Tongue, solved by expert teachers under the guidelines of CBSE NCERT of latest edition 2019-20

NCERT Book Class 4 English (Marigold) Unit 6 The Scholar's

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  1. Chapter PDF Video Lesson PPTs Work Sheet Solu tions 1.Building with Bricks Play PPT PDF PDF 2.Long and Short Play PDF PDF 3.A Trip to Bhopal Play PPT PDF PDF 4.Tick-Tick-Tick Play PDF PDF 5.The Way The World Looks Play PDF PDF 6.The Junk Seller Play PPT PDF PDF 7.Jugs and Mugs Play PPT PDF
  2. The mother tongue: • - as a subject focuses on the development of reading and speaking from Grades 1 to 3. • -As a medium of instruction the mother tongue is used in all learning areas from Kinder to Grade 3 except in the teaching of Filipino and English subjects. 5. What are the benefits? 6. 1. Reduced drop-out 2. Reduced repetition 3
  3. NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Chapter 14 The Scholars Mother Tongue. This chapter 14 of class 4 is about once a learned scholar (Pandit) visits the court of Akbar and introduces himself as a master of many languages, and can speak many languages fluently. He challenges all present there to find out what his mother tongue is. But In.

Class 6 English Prose Karnataka State Board Solutions. Chapter 1 The Lighthouse. Chapter 2 The Scholar's Mother Tongue. Chapter 3 How do Bees Make Honey? Chapter 4 The King's Ministers. Chapter 5 A Chat with a Grasshopper. Chapter 6 Where There is Will, There is a Way. Chapter 7 Neerja Bhanot: Brave in life, Brave in Death Mother Tongue. by Amy Tan. I am not a scholar of English or literature. I cannot give you much more than personal opinions on the English language and its variations in this country or others. I am a writer. And by that definition, I am someone who has always loved language. I am fascinated by language in daily life

Abstract. The role of the mother tongue in monolingual classes is a topic which is often ignored in discussions of methodology and in teacher training. In this article I suggest some of the reasons for this neglect and describe a variety of applications of the learners' first language (L1) in the classroom, with particular reference to the role. Unit 6 - The Scholars Mother Tongue Converse She conversed fluently in her mother tongue. Tickle I tickled my brother to make him laugh. Truth Everyone should speak the truth. Accepted I accepted my friend's request. Challenged I challenged my friend to solve the problem. Difficulty I faced a lot of difficulty in solving a maths problem Mother Tongue Don't judge a book by its cover or someone's intelligence by her English. By Amy Tan • Art by Gabe Leonard I am not a scholar of English or literature. I cannot give you much more than personal opinions on the English language and its variations in this country or others The Influence of Mother Tongue on Learning English Language by Arab Learners 1Sulaiman Mahmoud Sulaiman Alja'arat and 2Dr.Sadia Husna Hasan 1 Ph.D Research Scholar, Department of Linguistics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh (India) 2. Assistant Professor, Department of Linguistics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh (India The use of mother tongue in teaching in a multilingual setting affects the way pupils learn. A melting pot and the educational center of the North, Baguio City, Philippines and learning is an issue that has occupied many scholars all over the world for many years (Orr 1987a, 1997 as cited by Deyi, et al., 2007). This role of language as

Books Poem Class 4 English Summary | Webcas

  1. Rev : The SchOlar's Mother Tongue Syllabus -2019-20 : . Class —IV :: Subject u Hindi Term End Exam 2. 3. 4. Tongue The Milkman's cow Pinocchio The Donkey I Had A little Pony Section - A Same chapters. of Marigold. Section — B Ch - 4 Ch- Rev : Ch Processing Rev : Story writing Comprehension — Post Mid Term 1. Hellen Keller 2. Don,t be.
  2. 15. The scholar's mother Tongue 1. PPT 2. Activity Sheet 3. Suggested activities 4. The scholar 5. The scholar's mother Tongue; 16. A watering Rhyme 1. PPT 2. Expected Questions 3. MCQ 4. Worksheet : Page1 Page 2; 17. The giving tree 1. PPT 2. Activities 3. Assignment 4. Expected Questions 5. Grammar 6. Interactive Questions 7. MCQ 8
  3. South Africa. Only students whose mother tongue was English or Afrikaans were at an advantage. The majority of South Africans speak an African language as a home language. For example, there are about 22% Zulu speakers and 18% isiXhosa speakers while 16% speak Afrikaans and less than 10% speak English as their first language
  4. ate the talk. The last and most popular problem in speaking is mother-tongue use. This is a kind of general practice which usually occurs in EFL/ESL speaking classes. Students who speak similar native languages will tend to use their mother-tongue because it's easier for them t
  5. Report), mother tongue was the medium of instruction in grade 1-3 and English was the medium of instruction in grades 4-8. Besides, Kiswahili was compulsory in grade 1-8 (Republic of Kenya, 1981). Another policy document that influenced language in Kenyan education was The Report . performance in English..

NCERT Book Class 4 English (Marigold) Unit 6 The Scholar's

  1. three languages namely the mother tongue, national and even the official languages [5]. For example, South Africa with approximately between 2050 languages has official - multilingualism status generally enshrined in the country's constitution [2]. In South Africa numerous indigenous languages are considered for teaching and learning thoug
  2. perfectly natural. It's my mother tongue. Her language, as I hear it, is vivid, direct, full of observation and imagery. That was the language that helped shape the way I saw things, expressed things, made sense of the world. c Lately I've been giving more thought to the kind of English my mother speaks
  3. Where the mother tongue is used extensively in the community outside the school, then language loss among young children will be less. However, where language communities are not concentrated or ghettoized in particular neighborhoods, children can lose their ability to communicate in their mother tongue within 2-3 years of starting school
  4. This new finding might be consistent with the mother tongue interference theory (Manan et al., 2017) that the mother tongue has an effect on target language. These results show that mother tongue.
  5. Jjjlaol.pdf - UNIT-7 Hiawatha The Scholar\u2019s MotherTongue Enjoy this poem Hiawatha Hiawatha was a young Red Indian boy He lived with his old. New words mother tongue, challenged, tickled, irritated The Scholar's Mother Tongue The Scholar's Mother Tongue A learned Pundit once visited the court of Akbar
  6. of ELT teachers that whether mother tongue can be used in TBLT model in classroom teaching practice or not. Therefore, this paper, one in series of papers related to ELT quality in secondary schools in Vietnam since when the implementation of new series of English textbooks has officially been passed (2006) with the innovate
  7. In the essay Mother Tongue by Amy Tan shows how English does not have only one type, but a variety of ways to be used and understood. It is an invitation to see English as a variety of ideas and expressions of oneself. Amy Tan has ethos on the subject of English and how it is used in a variety of tongues because her mother is Chinese and immigrated to California

CBSE Class 4 English The Scholars Mother Tongue Workshee

language policies. Today, theorists, researchers, scholars, educators, and politicians are all involved in the discussion of mother tongue-based education (MTBE). Foundations of Mother Tongue-Based Education In different publications, UNESCO has been consistent in their claim on the commitment t Mother tongue education in official minority languages of Zimbabwe: a language management critique. English: In January 2002, the government of Zimbabwe officially declared six official minority languages, namely, Kalanga, Nambya, Shangani, Sotho, Tonga and Venda as languages of instruction and subjects in primary schools in the areas where.

[PDF] NCERT Solutions for Class 4 English Unit-7 The

  1. Mother-tongue language use was 2.3% of the time in English and 1.5% in Kiswahili classrooms in the base PRIMR treatment group, and very similar amounts of mother tongue were used in the PRIMR + MT treatment group, at 1.8% for English and 1.6% for Kiswahili. Download : Download high-res image (68KB) Download : Download full-size image; Fig. 1
  2. g progressively more of a stumbling block to.
  3. Mother tongue education and transition to English medium education in Uganda: Teachers' perspectives and practices versus language policy and curriculum by MEDADI ERISA SSENTANDA December 2014 Dissertation presented for the degree Doctor of Philosophy in General Linguistics in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at the University o
  4. While The Origin of Language is an incomparable introduction to some of the most exciting linguistic research now being conducted by researchers around the globe, it is also much more. It is an inspiring invitation to join the quest for our human roots and to hear the echoes of the Mother Tongue
  5. e the difference in the impact of the mother tongue as a language of instruction on the learning abilities of male and female pre-school children
  6. A new solution is offered to the Infant Language Acquisition Problem, rejecting both of Chomsky's alternatives. It proposes that the infant does not acquire his mother tongue by mastering its grammar, whether by inference from personal experience or via an innate Language Acquisition Device such as the UG, but that the language he hears is all saved in his extremely plastic and capacious.
  7. NCERT Class 4 English Books are provided in PDF form so that students can access it at any time anywhere. Class 4 NCERT English Books are created by the best professors who are experts in English and have good knowledge in the subject. NCERT Books for Class 4 English. The link to download NCERT Class 4 English book is as follows: Marigold. Unit 1

Mother tongue: The language of heart and mind. Mother language has a very powerful impact in the formation of the individual. Our first language, the beautiful sounds which one hears and gets familiar with before being born while in the womb, has such an important role in shaping our thoughts and emotions A first language, native tongue, native language, or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1), is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.In some countries, the term native language or mother tongue refers to the language of one's ethnic group rather than one's first language..

The intended audience of Amy Tan's essay Mother Tongue is the people who criticize and judge Tan's mother's version of spoken English. Tan uses the essay to convince her audience that her mother. Mother Tongue is used as a Medium of Instruction (MOI) for Grades 1, 2 and 3 in teaching Math, Araling Panlipunan (AP), Music, Arts, Physical Education and Health (MAPEH) and Edukasyon sa Pag-uugali (EsP). Mother tongue is taught as a separate Learning Area in Grades 1 and 2, as specified in the background of the study (DepEd Order #31s.2013) 146. Mother Tongue: The Struggles of Communication Communication is arguably the most essential and powerful part of everyday life. Societies' ability to run smoothly, efficiently and benefit as many people as possible, hinges greatly on communication and how effectively it is used. We need to communicate to get new and innovative ideas across. The term mother tongue refers to a person's native language — that is, a language learned from birth. Also called a first language, dominant language, home language, and native tongue (although these terms are not necessarily synonymous). Contemporary linguists and educators commonly use the term L1 to refer to a first or native language. Unformatted text preview: University of Massachusetts Amherst [email protected] Amherst Open Access Dissertations 5-2012 A Professional Development Program for the Mother Tongue-Based Teacher: Addressing Teacher Perceptions and Attitudes Towards MTBMLE Rebecca J. Paulson Stone University of Massachusetts Amherst, [email protected] Follow this and additional works at: Part of the Educational.

The original King James Holy Bible before the Protestants/Catholic Church removed the Apocrypha. When you go to the book of Genesis 10:21, you will see that it mentions the name Eber: Genesis 10:21 Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born. The name Hebrew is a miss pronunciation of the name Eber (pass, cross over) This book makes a case for the mother tongue as the medium of education for the first 12 years of the child's life. It describes Nigeria's 6-Year Primary Project, which taught experimental groups of students in their native Yoruba in varying degrees for their first 6 school years, beginning in 1970. The book shows how the mother-tongue education program was planned, organized, and implemented Summary/Abstract: Mother tongue largely refers to not only the language one learns from one's mother but also the speaker's dominant and home language. It's also called native language. This study was conducted to find whether mother tongue interferences in second-language learning, and if so; whether it affects the learners' performance in four language skills, and also in which skill. Nature and nurture: Tenets in the acquisition of Kiswahili as a second language in the Kenyan bilingual system of education. J Mutiga. University of Nairobi, , 2008. 2. 2008. Value addition and attitude change in language revitalization: the case of Kitharaka. JM Mutiga. University of Nairobi

mother tongue definition: 1. the first language that you learn when you are a baby, rather than a language learned at school. Learn more mother tongue - one's native language; the language learned by children and passed from one generation to the next first language , maternal language natural language , tongue - a human written or spoken language used by a community; opposed to e.g. a computer languag When English is not your mother tongue. Seven researchers discuss the challenges posed by science's embrace of one global language. Chris Woolston is a freelance writer in Billings, Montana. Analysis of Mother Tongue by Amy Tan. Mother Tongue is about the author's struggles with her linguistic identity, her mothers fractured or broken variation of English and the relationship with her mother. At the beginning of the piece we are told about the different types of English she would speak with her mother and with. The second paragraph of Amy Tan's Mother Tongue explicitly establishes her primary identity.She begins the second paragraph with the topic sentence I am a writer. By that, she goes on to.

6th std english-the scholars mother tongue and sympathy

Mother tongue definition is - one's native language. How to use mother tongue in a sentence Total price: $44.10. Add all three to Cart Add all three to List. Buy the selected items together. This item: The Mother Tongue - English And How It Got That Way by Bill Bryson Paperback $14.99 According to Statistics Finland, Swedish is the mother tongue of about 260,000 people in mainland Finland and of about 26,000 people in Åland, a self-governing archipelago off the west coast of Finland, where Swedish speakers constitute a majority. Swedish-speakers comprise 5.2% of the total Finnish population or about 4.9% without Åland SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES. STONEYCROFT BIRKDALE, SOUTHPORT the Board of Educetion). Principals • The Misses DAVIES Large well-gnallfled Staff. Happy and Home-like atmoephma The Mother Tongue The Popular Report of the Bible Society is always eagerly anticipated by Christian people, turies it afforded sanctuary. Men and women in and receives generous appreciation all over the world. The Report for 1929-30 was published on September 18th. The title — In the Mother Tongue -strikes an appealingly human note

viewpoints; mother tongue supporters and one mother tongue resister. After the professional development program, however, teachers were all more positive about using the mother tongue as the language of instruction. Interviews revealed that teachers were more positive and confident in teaching the mother tongue when they had the opportunity to: 1 • In mother tongue the child learns how to sit, hold a pen and also prepare the habits of speaking and writing. • Many sounds of English are similar to the sounds of the mother tongue. For example b, k, p, n/etc. • The mother tongue teaches the child how to read silently and loudly. It transfers habits to the second language

6th std English prose 02-the scholars mother tongue notes

mother tongue in pren 300 may influence their identity. The interview questions were being asked in the light of languages on identity an impression of mind. 4) Students observed and answered realistically, that prohibition against mother tongue in the classroom, are most important Ch 7- Hiawatha- The Scholar's Mother Tongue Ch 8- A Watering Rhyme The giving Tree Ch 9- Adverbs Ch IO- Prepositions 8 Ch 6- Formatting Data in MS Word 2010 Ch 7- Learning LOGO Primitives SUBJECT Maths EVS English - Reader English - Grammar Hindi Computer . Created Date

At the same time as we are working for the right to mother tongue medium education, where the mother tongue is defined by self-identification, claims for compensation for mother tongue loss should be raised in courts. This extract comes from pp. 86-88 in the article Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove (2008). Bilingual education and Sign language as the. e. A typical exercise is to translate sentences from the target language into the mother tongue. f. The result of this approach is usually an inability on the part of the student to use the language for communication. g. The teacher does not have to be able to speak the target language. 2 Key Words: Mother tongue, second language, dominance, bilingualism, vernacular school. ABOUT AUTHORS Author Ms. Chitra Sharma is a Ph. D. Scholar in Himalayan University, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Author Dr. Shaifali Rachna Puri is a Research Guide in Himalayan University, Arunachal Pradesh, India. She ha out its sprouting interest in promoting mother tongue-based education and to develop learning programs using the mother tongue. Linguists and language researchers have the emergent awareness that mother tongue (MT) education is more effective than bilingual or second language medium of instruction (Heugh, 2002: 171; Rademeyer, 2005:7)

NCERT Solutions Class 4 English Chapter 7 The Scholars

Kenya has legislated a Language in Education (LiE) policy to use mother tongue in lower primary classes (class 1-3), yet the pupils in Tabaka Division of Kenya continue to perform poorly in national examinations. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting teaching and learning in mother tongue in lower public primary schools in Kenya. The Chomsky's theory of. Language shift within two generations: Afrikaans mother tongue parents raising English mother tongue children . by Johannes Daniel Beukes. Thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of MA in Intercultural Communication at Stellenbosch University . March 2015. Supervisor: Ms Erica George Faculty of Art

mother tongue is a linguistic right (Kosonen, 2005a, p. 96), notably among speakers of minority languages who need to find ways to redress deeply-rooted cultural and socio-economic inequalities between them and the more powerful cultural groups in their respective communitie Modiano, N National or mother tongue language in beginning reading: A comparative study Research in the Teaching of English 1968 2 32 43 Google Scholar Morris, J Spolsky, B Barriers to successful reading for second-language students at the secondary level The language education of minority children 1971 Rowley, Newbury Hous the only country in Southeast Asia to have instituted a national policy requiring mother tongue-based multilingual education (MTB-MLE) in the primary school years. While studies have long supported the use of mother tongue as the language of instruction, they have primarily been conducted in community rather than national settings. As such, littl

(PDF) Mother Tongue, English, and Filipino in Schools

Total price: $44.10. Add all three to Cart Add all three to List. Buy the selected items together. This item: The Mother Tongue - English And How It Got That Way by Bill Bryson Paperback $14.99 The tongue-tie is frequently attached to the tip of the tongue and inhibits its mobility. 7, 8 The prevalence of tongue-tie varies in the literature between 1% and 10% due to a lack of diagnostic standards and a universal definition. 9 Tongue-ties can be classified by the Assessment Tool For Lingual Frenulum Function (ATLFF) score developed by.

(PDF) Role of Mother Tongue in Second Language Learnin

(19) trans-national reasons: Afaan Oromoo is the third largest indigenous mother tongue in Africa (Mohammed, 2010). (20) civil service employment reason: everywhere the working language is the property of those who use it as a mother tongue or who can learn to use it as well (Weinstein, 1983); See also Federal Civil Service Employment Reports) Mother Tongue is an example of that. Amy Tan, a daughter of Chinese immigrants, admitted that at a certain point in her life, she viewed at the language that her mother spoke as broken and embarrassing to listen to. Her perspective immediately changed when she realized that her mother's language was being attacked The general argument made by Tan in Mother Tongue is that our language shapes our identity and the communities that we live in. More specifically, Tan argues that our language and the way we speak either separates us or disconnects us from society. She contests that people... did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretend.

[PDF] Mother Tongue Implementation in - Semantic Schola

Mother Tongue and Y Chromosomes. Peter Forster 1, 2, Colin Renfrew 3. 1 Murray Edwards College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0DF, UK. 2 Institute of Forensic Genetics, 48161 Münster, Germany. 3 McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3ER, UK. E-mail: pf223@cam.ac.uk Adobe Acrobat Reader DC software is the free global standard for reliably viewing, printing, and commenting on PDF documents. And now, it's connected to the Adobe Document Cloud − making it easier than ever to work across computers and mobile devices As the baby nurses, a muscular wave starts at the tip of the baby's tongue and moves backward. This rhythmical rolling action of the tongue and jaw massages the breast, squeezing the milk that lies in tiny pools beneath the areola into the nipple. To be effective, the baby needs to take more than the nipple into his mouth The English language has been the linear tongue of the colonial discoveries, racial cruelties, invented names, the simulation of tribal cultures, manifest manners, and the unheard literature of dominance in tribal communities; at the same time, this mother tongue of para-colonialism has been a language of invincible imagination and liberation. Mother Tongue. Amy Tan. View All Credits. 1 7.9K 1. I am not a scholar of English or literature. I cannot give you much more than personal opinions on the English language and its variations in.

Good Answers to Tough Questions (GATQ) in Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education The idea of using local languages of instruction in the primary grades is catching the interest of governments, donors, and NGOs alike. National-level programs are aiming to develop and implement curriculum for teaching in the languages of the nation rather than international languages Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. Search across a wide variety of disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions Recovering Voices. Founded in 2009, Recovering Voices (RV) is a collaborative program of the National Museum of Natural History, the National Museum of the American Indian, and the Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage that partners with communities around the world to revitalize and sustain endangered languages and knowledge